Sunday, May 5, 2013

today to come: a trip back into (pre)historic time

this is the place i plan to visit (today) in the next days: 

Talayot village Ses Païsses

Less than a kilometre from Artà, in an old holm oak wood to be found on a small hill, is the talayot village Ses Païsses. The archaeological group, over 3000 years old, was declared an Artistic-Historic Monument in 1946 and between 1959 and 1963 the Italian professor, Giovanne Lilliu, excavated there discovering most of the constructions.

more here: talayot village 

...and good i checked! the place is closed on sundays. 

but while looking for Talayot, i came across another historic place that is not far from here - a Roman Town. so i guess that's the new plan for today:

The Roman Town of Pollentia

The Roman town of Pollentia, called now Pol·lèntia in Catalan, is to be found on the outskirts of the mediaeval walls of the historic centre of Alcúdia. It is one of the two towns, the other one was the present Palma, founded by the consul Quintus Caecilius Metellus, leader of the Roman expedition that dominated the island in 123 BC. The remains occupy an area of some 12 hectares and the group includes the residential district Portella, where the excavations have uncovered two streets and several houses, plus the Forum, the public square where singular buildings have been found, such as the Capitol Temple dedicated to imperial cult. As from the III century AD a wall was built of which 100 metres are preserved. On the outskirts of the town, some 10 minutes on foot, is the Roman theatre, built at the end of the I century AD with a capacity for 2000 people. The Roman town started its decline as from the IV century AD, particularly after the Vandal and Byzantine invasions.

more: Roman Town


Prehistoric Mallorca

a timetable from the web (link)

Prehistoric Mallorca
Archaic Era. Earliest evidence of human presence on the Island -the remains of a man-made fire, examples of microliths –chipped stone tools– small in size, and mounted in wood. Cova del Canet. Esporles
Pretalayot also known as Neolithic. Settlements and burials in natural caves. Flints and bones. Son Matge, Muleta
The earliest human remains were found in a cave at the bottom of a chimney which descended some 12 m. from the rocks above. Among the 2,000 Myotragus balearicus that covered the ground were the bones of several settlers –shepherds or hunters, perhaps– who had fallen into the same natural trap to share the fate of the Myotragus.
2700 BC
Attempted domestication of Myotragus balearicus. Settlements and interments in caves. Flints, pottery –Son Matge
2000 BC
Early Bronze Age. Settlements in man-made constructions. Collective graves Son Bauló. Impressed ceramics –Son Matge, Son Ferrandell, ca na Cotxera, Son Gallard.
Middle Bronze. Settlements in navetas. Interments in caves and in necropolis. Son Sunyer, Son Matge, Son Marroig, Son Oms (1400 BC) Cala San Vicente–impressed ceramics, bone, bronze copper
1300 BC
Talayot Era and Late Bronze Age Isolated talayots. Interment by burial the stepped talayot at Pula (1010 BC), Son Matge, Son Serralta, Son Real Necropolis –bronze (swords, axes, knives, spears). Walled settlements. Burials.Ses Paisses, S'Illot –bronze, bone, ceramics
1200-1100 BC
Attached rooms. Burials in foetal position with lime. Ses Paísses, S'Illot, Son Oms, Son Real Necropolis –iron, bronze, glass
Sanctuaries with representations of divinities, bulls, warriors. The cult of the bull in Mallorca.
Burials in wooden caskets. Son Boronat, Calvià, avenc de sa Punta. Pollença
Pottery made on a wheel.
Punic Colonisation
Hannibal pressgangs mercenaries from the Island

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